Kosher Glossary

Here you can find all the meaning to Kosher words and terms as well as other Jewish words.

Kosher
Jewish dietary laws

Hashgacha
Kosher food supervision

Mashgiach
Person responsible to oversee a food operation so as to insure its compliance with kosher law.

Basar/Basrei
Hebrew word meaning meat or meat food product

Challah
The portion of dough biblically mandated to be given to the Cohen (Jewish priestly caste) 2) Festive bread, often braided, used for the Sabbath and Jewish holiday meals.

Cholov/Cholvei
Hebrew word meaning milk or dairy food product

Chumetz Any of the five biblical grains (oat, rye, barley, wheat and spelt) that have been exposed to water for more than eighteen minutes. 2) Any foods produced from any of the five biblical grains that have been exposed to water for more than eighteen minutes. 3) Any foods produced on equipment that has been used to produce anything from the five biblical grains that have been exposed to water for more than eighteen minutes.

Fleishig
Yiddish word meaning meat or meat food product

Glatt
Yiddish word meaning smooth. 1) Pertains to the smooth surface of an animal’s lung. 2) Often used in contemporary America to refer to a higher standard of kosher.

Kashruth/Kashrus/Kashrut
Pertaining to kosher

Kosherize/Kosherization
Process of cleaning and purging equipment so that the equipment can be used to process food in a kosher fashion 2) The de-veining, soaking and salting process used prior to consumption of kosher slaughtered meat.

Matzo/Matzah
Unleavened flat bread used on Passover

Mevushol
Lit. boiled. Usually pertains to the pasteurization of grape juice used in and of itself or for wine making.

Milchig
Yiddish word meaning milk or dairy food product.

Nikkur/Trayber
The process wherein certain forbidden fats and veins are removed from a kosher slaughtered animal prior to the soaking and salting process.

Parve
Food or equipment that is neither meat nor dairy.

Shochet
Certified ritual slaughterer

Shechita
Kosher slaughter method

Shmitta
The sabbatical year

Traife/trayfe
Not Kosher

Trumos and Ma’asros
Portions of food grown in the land of Israel that are either biblically or rabbinically mandated to be separated prior to consumption of the food.

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